Canada is one of the world’s large liberal democracies. Its parliamentary government is based on the British model, in which each citizen over 18 years of age has the right to vote and chose the country’s government.
Canada is a country that was founded by immigrants and immigration has always played a fundamental role in the country’s economic prosperity. Canada has the highest immigration rate per capita in the world. Over the last decade Canada has absorbed two million immigrants from all over the world seeking a better life for themselves and their families, and these people are our country’s great strength.
Canadian society, open and tolerant, is considered one of the world’s least discriminatory. People from other countries have reached the top in all sectors of Canadian society, in business, politics and the arts.
Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a federal state and a parliamentary democracy. There are three levels of government: the federal government provincial and territorial governments, and municipal governments.
Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of Canada and, as such, is the country’s Head of State. She delegates her powers to her representative, the Governor General of Canada. The Prime Minister and his Cabinet exercise executive power.
Canada has two official languages: English and French. The official bilingual nature of the country is defined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. English and French have equal standing in federal courts, parliament and all federal institutions. The Canadian Constitution establishes no official religion; religious plurality is an integral part of Canada’s cultural policy.